Make Way for Justice: Universal Jurisdiction Annual Review 2015
Report by ECCHR, FIDH und TRIAL, April 2015
Universal jurisdiction is a key component in the fight against impunity, in addition to a State’s competence to exercise jurisdiction over crimes committed on its territory (territorial jurisdiction), crimes committed by one of its nationals (active personality principle) or against one of its nationals (passive personality principle). This first “Universal Jurisdiction Annual Review: Make way for Justice” is a retrospective of the relevant developments in twelve countries where universal jurisdiction proceedings took place in 2014. Based on 37 case studies the findings in this report demonstrate that despite obstacles to the investigation and prosecution of serious crimes under international law, a significant practice has taken shape globally over the course of 2014. In the majority of the identified countries, civil society, victims and/or lawyers have been the driving force behind universal jurisdiction cases, while, in others, criminal justice authorities pro-actively seek to prevent their territory from being used as a safe haven by suspected perpetrators of international crimes.
Holding Companies Accountable - Lessons from transnational human rights litigation
Booklet by ECCHR, Brot für die Welt and MISEREOR, November 2014
Encouraged by prominent human rights organizations in the Global South, Brot für die Welt (Bread for the World), the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR) and MISEREOR have joined forces in a project to assist local actors in taking action against transnational companies who are involved in or profi t from human rights violations. For this project, ECCHR comprehensively analyzed close to 50 individual cases of human rights violations committed by companies from all over the world.
Driving Forward Justice: Victims of Serious International Crimes in the EU
Report by ECCHR, Redress, FIDH and TRIAL, October 2014
Concerns over impunity and safe havens have led to increased efforts, in Europe and elsewhere, to strengthen systems to hold to account those accused of serious international crimes including genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, torture and enforced disappearance.The new EU Directive on minimum standards for the rights, support and protection of victims of crime is meant to help entrench these rights across the region. This Report explains precisely how the Directive applies to victims of serious international crimes, in light of the wording of the Directive itself, and taking into account States’ pre-existing obligations towards victims under international and human rights law.
The responsibility of European corporations for human rights violations abroad: To what extent does corporate due diligence extend to subsidiaries?
ECCHR Policy Paper, August 2014
The cases Danzer, Nestlé and Lahmeyer
When corporations conduct business activities abroad, whether on their own or through a subsidiary, the question arises as to their responsibility for human rights violations. Within the EU, national and European laws on labor, the environment and consumers’ rights provide quite comprehensive protection for the human rights of the European population. Outside the EU, there are often less protection mechanisms and there may be a lack of enforcement of existing laws; in many cases there is suppression of trade unions and other organizations.
Globalization of industry – privatization of labor standards monitoring? Europe and Germany must establish clear standards for addressing human rights risks in the supply chain
ECCHR Policy Paper, August 2014
The devastating fires in textile factories in Bangladesh and Pakistan in autumn 2012 and the collapse of a building complex containing a number of garment factories in spring 2013 clearly demonstrates that the production of clothes and other goods for western markets comes at a price, a price many manufacturing workers pay with their health or even their lives. Yet these catastrophes are just the more extreme examples.
Focus Asia: New regional focus and strategic cooperation with partners in South and East Asia
For years ECCHR has been active in Asian countries. However, initially we lacked the kind of direct connection to partners in Asia and local know-how that had been so helpful to the organization’s work in Latin America. In this respect 2013 was a breakthrough year for ECCHR. Within the past year, we have developed collaboration with local partners in order to combat human rights violations in South and East Asia.
Focus: Asia - New regional focus and strategic cooperation with partners in South and East Asia describes the progress of our work in Asia.
Forced labor of children and adults in Uzbekistan. How effective is the OECD complaint mechanism?
ECCHR Study, May 2013
The study is an evaluation of our seven OECD complaints against European companies that trade in cotton from Uzbekistan. Cotton there is harvested under the massive use of state-organized forced labor of children and adults. All procedures have been completed. We took this as an opportunity to comprehensively evaluate the impact of the complaints on the situation in Uzbekistan and the effectiveness of the OECD complaint mechanism as such.
ECCHR Annual Report 2012
The annual report provides an overview of ECCHR’s work during 2012. The focus in this year was on the fight against impunity in Colombia and on the critical evaluation of the first ten years of the International Criminal Court and the German Code of Crimes against International Law. The report incorporates the photographic installation “El Hotel” by Argentinian artists Azul Blaseotto and Eduardo Molinari.
"Making corporations respond to the damages they cause"
This practitioners’ guide from ECCHR is produced in cooperation with MISEREOR and “Brot für die Welt”. It discusses practical and legal elements of legal strategies to demand fair and adequate compensation from transnational corporations for human rights violations. “Making corporations respond” looks at both litigation and out-of-court approaches and how they can be strategically interconnected.